Thursday, June 26, 2008

The New Face of Eugenics: Fluoride in your Drinking Water

We now find out that the elite never drink fluorinated water. Why? Top-down government is actively trying to kill you.

View the Fluoride Deception Video

Water Fluoridation has hit the main stream media after decades being brushed aside. Scientific American had an article about the dangers of fluoride if its overused, revealing that its almost impossible not to overuse it. Many people don't think twice about the toxic waste that we are drowning in. Fluoride is not what you think, and the deceit is painfully obvious, you just have to look.

Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by the University of California under contract DE-FCO3-87ER60615.

The study of skeletal kinetics of Fluorine-18-Fluoride Ion with PET makes the poisoning of the human skeletal system with Fluoride superior to fingerprinting in advanced PET scanning technologies. This Brave-new-world application is only part of the story.

Calcium Fluoride is what is usually found naturally in water but the cheaper, Hexafluorosilicic Acid, is dumped in our drinking water and its not even similar to "calcium fluoride". Hexafluorosilicic Acid is a highly toxic chemical, that has a laundry list of ailments and diseases to go along with it. According to DR. Hardy Limeback's research, most American cities are purchasing an industrial grade source of fluoride to fluoridate drinking water. It comes from smokestack scrubbers that produce phosphate fertilizer, its cheaper than the pharmaceutical grade. He explains, "Tragically,that means we're not just dumping toxic fluoride into our drinking water. We're also exposing innocent, unsuspecting people to deadly elements of lead, arsenic and radium, all of them carcinogenic. Because of the cumulative properties of toxins, the detrimental effects on human health are catastrophic." But we drink it, bathe in it, wash our clothes and dishes in it without hesitation. Artificially fluoridated water is not beneficial to our health and naturally occurring fluoride is not essential for ANY living thing, and that should be common knowledge.

Acceptable amounts of fluoride to ingest is 1 part per million of water. More than 2 PPM has been ruled toxic. Acceptable levels allowed in our tap water have been rising, and more than 90 percent of our public water is fluoridated, so our food is grown with it, soda, soup, all canned with it, we are being bombarded with fluoride. Unfortunately, we have no way of knowing how much of the toxic fluoride we have stored in our bodies, it stays in your body, for unknown period's of time. "Half of all ingested fluoride remains in the skeletal system and accumulates with age" Dr. Hardy Limeback

Last year the National Research Council released the report: "Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA's Standards." The report said too much fluoride for babies is toxic. It advised parents feeding babies powdered formula to prepare it with un-fluoridated bottled water. Yet on our grocery store shelves we have "nursery water" a brand aimed at formula fed babies, loaded with fluoride. The report was released, with little or no mention. This is INCREDIBLY dangerous, yet, the public draws a blank. Its no surprise we are being misled, the whole operation is confusing. Seven months after that report the FDA gave manufacturers of bottled water permission to print claims on their labels that drinking fluoridated water may reduce the risk of dental caries or tooth decay. Instead of the DANGER warning fluoridated water should have gotten, artificial water fluoridation gets the FDA golden seal of greatness. Currently bottled water remains virtually unregulated. "43 of 50 states have the equivalent of fewer than a single staff person dedicated to regulating bottled water."

The lawmakers are not looking to protect, but to harm, and they are preying on your inability to stay informed, drowning out the necessary information we need to make decisions. We just file in as complacent as the fluoride will get us, believing that no one would ever harm us...the government would never allow it. Do the research, WE are allowing it. In 1992, three counties of New Jersey had almost seven times the osteosarcoma (bone cancer) rate in males in the fluoridated communities compared to the non-fluoridated communities. It's a proven carcinogen...still they fluoridate.

50 years after United States authorities began adding fluoride to public water supplies to reduce cavities in children's teeth, recently discovered declassified government documents are shedding new light on the roots of that still-controversial public health measure, revealing a surprising connection between the use of fluoride and the dawning of the nuclear age.

Today, two-thirds of US public drinking water is fluoridated. Many municipalities still resist the practice, disbelieving the government's assurances of safety.

Since the days of World War II when the US prevailed by building the world's first atomic bomb, the nation's public health leaders have maintained that low doses of fluoride are safe for people and good for children's teeth.

That safety verdict should now be re-examined in the light of hundreds of once-secret WWII-era documents obtained by these reporters [authors Griffiths and Bryson], including declassified papers of the Manhattan Project-the ultra-secret US military program that produced the atomic bomb.

Fluoride was the key chemical in atomic bomb production, according to the documents. Massive quantities-millions of tons-were essential for the manufacture of bomb-grade uranium and plutonium for nuclear weapons throughout the Cold War. One of the most toxic chemicals known, fluoride emerged as the leading chemical health hazard of the US atomic bomb program, both for workers and for nearby communities, the documents reveal.

Other revelations include:

* Much of the original proof that fluoride is safe for humans in low doses was generated by A-bomb program scientists who had been secretly ordered to provide "evidence useful in litigation" against defence contractors for fluoride injury to citizens. The first lawsuits against the American A-bomb program were not over radiation, but over fluoride damage, the documents show.

* Human studies were required. Bomb program researchers played a leading role in the design and implementation of the most extensive US study of the health effects of fluoridating public drinking water, conducted in Newburgh, New York, from 1945 to 1955. Then, in a classified operation code-named "Program F", they secretly gathered and analysed blood and tissue samples from Newburgh citizens with the cooperation of New York State Health Department personnel.

* The original, secret version (obtained by these reporters) of a study published by Program F scientists in the August 1948 Journal of the American Dental Association1 shows that evidence of adverse health effects from fluoride was censored by the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)-considered the most powerful of Cold War agencies-for reasons of "national security".

* The bomb program's fluoride safety studies were conducted at the University of Rochester-site of one of the most notorious human radiation experiments of the Cold War, in which unsuspecting hospital patients were injected with toxic doses of radioactive plutonium. The fluoride studies were conducted with the same ethical mindset, in which "national security" was paramount.


The US Government's conflict of interest and its motive to prove fluoride safe in the furious debate over water fluoridation since the 1950s has only now been made clear to the general public, let alone to civilian researchers, health professionals and journalists. The declassified documents resonate with a growing body of scientific evidence and a chorus of questions about the health effects of fluoride in the environment.

Human exposure to fluoride has mushroomed since World War II, due not only to fluoridated water and toothpaste but to environmental pollution by major industries, from aluminium to pesticides, where fluoride is a critical industrial chemical as well as a waste by-product.

The impact can be seen literally in the smiles of our children. Large numbers (up to 80 per cent in some cities) of young Americans now have dental fluorosis, the first visible sign of excessive fluoride exposure according to the US National Research Council. (The signs are whitish flecks or spots, particularly on the front teeth, or dark spots or stripes in more severe cases.)

Less known to the public is that fluoride also accumulates in bones. "The teeth are windows to what's happening in the bones," explained Paul Connett, Professor of Chemistry at St Lawrence University, New York, to these reporters. In recent years, paediatric bone specialists have expressed alarm about an increase in stress fractures among young people in the US. Connett and other scientists are concerned that fluoride-linked to bone damage in studies since the 1930s-may be a contributing factor.

The declassified documents add urgency: much of the original 'proof ' that low-dose fluoride is safe for children's bones came from US bomb program scientists, according to this investigation.

Now, researchers who have reviewed these declassified documents fear that Cold War national security considerations may have prevented objective scientific evaluation of vital public health questions concerning fluoride.

"Information was buried," concludes Dr Phyllis Mullenix, former head of toxicology at Forsyth Dental Center in Boston and now a critic of fluoridation. Animal studies which Mullenix and co-workers conducted at Forsyth in the early 1990s indicated that fluoride was a powerful central nervous system (CNS) toxin and might adversely affect human brain functioning even at low doses. (New epidemiological evidence from China adds support, showing a correlation between low-dose fluoride exposure and diminished IQ in children.) Mullenix's results were published in 1995 in a reputable peer-reviewed scientific journal.2

During her investigation, Mullenix was astonished to discover there had been virtually no previous US studies of fluoride's effects on the human brain. Then, her application for a grant to continue her CNS research was turned down by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH), when an NIH panel flatly told her that "fluoride does not have central nervous system effects".

Declassified documents of the US atomic bomb program indicate otherwise. A Manhattan Project memorandum of 29 April 1944 states: "Clinical evidence suggests that uranium hexafluoride may have a rather marked central nervous system effect... It seems most likely that the F [code for fluoride] component rather than the T [code for uranium] is the causative factor." The memo, from a captain in the medical corps, is stamped SECRET and is addressed to Colonel Stafford Warren, head of the Manhattan Project's Medical Section. Colonel Warren is asked to approve a program of animal research on CNS effects. "Since work with these compounds is essential, it will be necessary to know in advance what mental effects may occur after exposure... This is important not only to protect a given individual, but also to prevent a confused workman from injuring others by improperly performing his duties."

On the same day, Colonel Warren approved the CNS research program. This was in 1944, at the height of World War II and the US nation's race to build the world's first atomic bomb.

For research on fluoride's CNS effects to be approved at such a momentous time, the supporting evidence set forth in the proposal forwarded along with the memo must have been persuasive. The proposal, however, is missing from the files at the US National Archives. "If you find the memos but the document they refer to is missing, it's probably still classified," said Charles Reeves, chief librarian at the Atlanta branch of the US National Archives and Records Administration where the memos were found. Similarly, no results of the Manhattan Project's fluoride CNS research could be found in the files.

After reviewing the memos, Mullenix declared herself "flabbergasted". "How could I be told by NIH that fluoride has no central nervous system effects, when these documents were sitting there all the time?" She reasons that the Manhattan Project did do fluoride CNS studies: "That kind of warning, that fluoride workers might be a danger to the bomb program by improperly performing their duties-I can't imagine that would be ignored." But she suggests that the results were buried because of the difficult legal and public relations problems they might create for the government.

The author of the 1944 CNS research proposal attached to the 29 April memo was Dr Harold C. Hodge-at the time, chief of fluoride toxicology studies for the University of Rochester division of the Manhattan Project.

Nearly 50 years later at the Forsyth Dental Center in Boston, Dr Mullenix was introduced to a gently ambling elderly man, brought in to serve as a consultant on her CNS research. This man was Harold C. Hodge. By then, Hodge had achieved status emeritus as a world authority on fluoride safety. "But even though he was supposed to be helping me," said Mullenix, "he never once mentioned the CNS work he had done for the Manhattan Project."

The "black hole" in fluoride CNS research since the days of the Manhattan Project is unacceptable to Mullenix who refuses to abandon the issue. "There is so much fluoride exposure now, and we simply do not know what it is doing. You can't just walk away from this."

Dr Antonio Noronha, an NIH scientific review advisor familiar with Dr Mullenix's grant request, told us that her proposal was rejected by a scientific peer-review group. He termed her claim of institutional bias against fluoride CNS research "far-fetched". He then added: "We strive very hard at NIH to make sure politics does not enter the picture." \


The documentary trail begins at the height of World War II, in 1944, when a severe pollution incident occurred downwind of the E.I. DuPont de Nemours Company chemical factory in Deepwater, New Jersey. The factory was then producing millions of pounds of fluoride for the Manhattan Project whose scientists were racing to produce the world's first atomic bomb.

The farms downwind in Gloucester and Salem counties were famous for their high-quality produce. Their peaches went directly to the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York City; their tomatoes were bought up by Campbell's Soup.

But in the summer of 1944 the farmers began reporting that their crops were blighted: "Something is burning up the peach crops around here." They said that poultry died after an all-night thunderstorm, and that farm workers who ate produce they'd picked would sometimes vomit all night and into the next day.

"I remember our horses looked sick and were too stiff to work," Mildred Giordano, a teenager at the time, told these reporters. Some cows were so crippled that they could not stand up; they could only graze by crawling on their bellies.

The account was confirmed in taped interviews with Philip Sadtler (shortly before he died), of Sadtler Laboratories of Philadelphia, one of the nation's oldest chemical consulting firms. Sadtler had personally conducted the initial investigation of the damage.

Although the farmers did not know it, the attention of the Manhattan Project and the federal government was rivetted on the New Jersey incident, according to once-secret documents obtained by these reporters.

A memo, dated 27 August 1945, from Manhattan Project chief Major-General Leslie R. Groves to the Commanding General of Army Service Forces at the Pentagon, concerns the investigation of crop damage at Lower Penns Neck, New Jersey. It states: "At the request of the Secretary of War, the Department of Agriculture has agreed to cooperate in investigating complaints of crop damage fumes from a plant operated in connection with the Manhattan Project."

After the war's end, Dr Harold C. Hodge, the Manhattan Project's chief of fluoride toxicology studies, worriedly wrote in a secret memo (1 March 1946) to his boss, Colonel Stafford L. Warren, chief of the Medical Section, about "problems associated with the question of fluoride contamination of the atmosphere in a certain section of New Jersey".

"There seem to be four distinct (though related) problems:
"1. A question of injury of the peach crop in 1944.
"2. A report of extraordinary fluoride content of vegetables grown in this area.
"3. A report of abnormally high fluoride content in the blood of human individuals residing in this area.
"4. A report raising the question of serious poisoning of horses and cattle in this area."

In 1931 ALCOA, the worlds largest aluminum producer, was polluting the water with sodium fuoride, children's teeth were turning yellow, because of the high levels found in the water supply. Sodium fluoride is a toxic pollutant, an aluminum by product, the same type of fluoride that is found in toothpaste. Look a little closer at the tube of toothpaste, you will find the phone number for poison control, "toothpaste overdose" can cause convulsions, and a break down of your nervous and digestive systems, along with difficulty breathing. The amounts we pollute our bodies with everyday are harmful, and we feel the effects of the poison, without recognition, fluoride lowers your IQ and it is a main component of anti-psychotic drugs, extremely dangerous for our children. We are drugged, like patients in a sanatorium, with little resistance.

Fluoridated water is a tool of control, the benefits to the the masses are non existent, the benefits to a government trying to CONTROL the masses are endless. In the 1930's Hitler created his plan of control, and force alone was not going to be enough. The plan involved what they called "water medication" (we call it "water fluoridation"). The Nazi's would contaminate the water supply to make the people docile (and sterilize them as well).
Most of Europe does not (openly) fluoridate their water. The UK, however has unknown amounts of Prozac in their water, and its basic ingredient is fluoride, so basically they are being medicated by the government as well. We have been conned. Water Fluoridation is destroying the will of the people. It is just one of the tools that is being used against the population, it's slowing us down. In order to Fight the tyranny, first we must remove the fluoride, how can you willing ingest something that will make you less smart? You can't, its suicide. Filter your water. Don't go willingly.

Copyright Feb. 3, 1993 Katharine O'Keefe
(rev. December 8, 1993 ver. 6.8)


1. Introduction
2. American Eugenics Society Goals
3. Background Information Tables
4. Members' Activities
A. Key to Abbreviations
B. Officers
C. Directors
D. Members
5. Index

Why this book?

This book documents the means by which eugenic goals have been introduced
into the mainstream of American intellectual and political life, and the
extent to which this mainstreaming has occurred.

Eugenics is a concept familiar to Americans as an overarching policy
consideration of the Third Reich. "Eugenics" subsumes such notions as
racial purity, racial superiority, and the heritability of intelligence,
virtue, or vice. Although Hitler is its most notorious proponent, eugenic
thinking has been a prominent strand in Western intellectual history since
the 1860's, when Darwin's disciple, Francis Galton, began to put about the
idea that the governing classes of England ought to take it upon themselves
to guide the development of the human genetic heritage. A good history of
these early days of eugenic thinking can be found in The Legacy of Malthus
by Allen Chase. A good short discussion of the early days of eugenics can
be found in Aristotle to Zoos by Peter Medawar, a member of the English
Eugenics Society. He quotes Galton, as follows:

"I do not see why any insolence of caste should prevent the gifted
class, when they had the power, from treating their compatriots
with all kindness, so long as they maintained celibacy. But if
these continued to procreate children inferior in moral, intellectual
and physical qualities, it is easy to believe the time may come
when such persons would be considered as enemies to the State, and
to have forfeited all claims to kindness." (Fraser's Magazine 7
[1873] quoted in Aristotle to Zoos., Peter and Jean Medawar, 1983 p.

By the turn of the 20th century, such ideas were commonplace. Margaret
Sanger, a member of both the American Eugenics Society and the English
Eugenics Society, is a famous proponent of eugenics from that time; we may
recall any one of numerous examples from her writings. For example,

"Those least fit to carry on the race are increasing most rapidly
... Funds that should be used to raise the standard of our
civilization are diverted to maintenance of those who should never
have been born." (from The Pivot of Civilization quoted in Margaret
Sanger. by Elsah Droghin.)

The eugenic ideas of Margaret Sanger and others have been the philosophy of
the major birth control groups from the beginning until now. For example,
"Race Building in a Democracy" was the topic at the 1940 joint meeting of
the Birth Control Federation of America and the Citizens Committee for
Planned Parenthood. The Federation then said: "We, too, [like Hitler's
regime] recognize the problem of race building, but our concern is with
the quality of our people, not with their quantity alone ... "It is
entirely fitting that 'Race Building in a Democracy' should have been
chosen as the theme of the ANNUAL MEETING of the Birth Control Federation
of America ..." (Birth Control Review, vol. XXIV, January 1940. See also
the entry in this book under Henry P. Fairchild)

One of the most influential opponents of eugenic thinking was G.K.
Chesterton, who wrote Eugenics and Other Evils. The rise of the
eugenicists to power in the mid-20th century in Nazi Germany is an oft-told
tale. Unfortunately, the moral generally drawn from this tale is that
flaws in the German character explain the Third Reich. It "all" happened
because Germans are too much in love with their own national heritage, or
too sentimental, or too docile before authority. These traits, combined
with antisemitism, "explain" the rise of Hitler. In other words, eugenical
thinking is supposedly a menace particular to German culture; the rest of
us need not examine our consciences except for German personality traits.

In truth, however, eugenical thinking has been spreading steadily in Western
culture throughout this century. Even after the German embarrassment,
the eugenicists kept right on pursuing the same goals they had always
pursued, the same goals that Hitler pursued. But the spread of eugenicism
after World War II in the United States is not well studied or documented;
hence this book.

The research presented in this book aims to further the study of post-World
War II eugenic influence in America. Earlier eugenicists, and foreign
eugenicists, are studied for the sake of the light they shed on the post-War
American context.

Eugenics in America

The conclusions drawn by the author from the data she has gathered are as

(1)Eugenical currents in England, America, and Germany were more similar
than different in the period 1922-1939. Thinkers in the three countries
were allied by friendship, by organizational ties, and by mutual reference
to each other's works.

(2)The American Eugenics Society is an important network of American
eugenicists connected with the English Eugenics Society (Galton Institute),
an important English/Commonwealth/ European eugenic network. The Society
survives and flourishes to the present day. Following a name change in
1973, it is now known as the Society for the Study of Social Biology.
The name change does not correspond to any alteration in the goals of the

(3)Eugenical thinkers in democracies presently use different tactics for
the implementation of eugenic goals than did the dictator Hitler. However,
democracy was and is, for eugenicists, merely a political obstacle course.
Eugenicists do not subscribe to the political culture of mutual respect
which corresponds to faith in democracy. This is shown by the employment
of systematic deceit as they pursue their goals in the political arena of

(4)Eugenicists were embarrassed by Hitler. After the war, they instituted
various strategies to cover up the continued joint development of the
German, American, and English eugenic agendas. For example, they adopted
of the policy of "cryptoeugenics" or secret eugenics; and founded various
cover organizations such as the Population Council and the International
Planned Parenthood Federation. There is little evidence, however, that
American and English eugenicists learned any lesson from the German
debacle - except a lesson about public relations.

(5)The International Planned Parenthood Federation is one of a number of
organizations which (a) were wholly sympathetic with eugenic goals at the
time of their founding by eugenicists; (b) have carried out effective
eugenic programs since their founding; (c) present to the world a nominal
purpose which does not acknowledge a eugenic agenda. Shakespeare defined
the hypocrite as "the smiler with the knife" and "the smiler with the knife" is
wholly appropriate as a description of the hypocritical, eugenical
International Planned Parenthood Federation.

(6)The eugenic agenda is wicked and murderous, besides being presumptuous
and scientifically flawed. In pursuit of the illusion that they know how
to control and elevate human destiny by steering development of the gene
pool, eugenicists entertain methods of dealing with their fellows which
include murdering the weak, denying marriage to the "imperfect,"
discouraging the lonely and fragile from clinging to life, denigrating
romance and family life, and encouraging the denial of all human bonds of
mutual responsibility, care, and unselfish love.

(7)Eugenic leaders wish for secrecy with respect to their real agenda and
goals. This desire is probably based on a realistic estimate of their
support among their fellow men. It points up a weakness which can be
exploited by a eugenic watch. Nearly everyone revolts from eugenic ideas
once they hear the ideas clearly and accurately explained, and nearly
everyone objects to supporting the eugenic agenda, once they understand it.

The author's goal in writing this book is to lay out the institutions,
societies, and intellectual disciplines which have been founded by, governed
by or intellectually controlled by, members of the America Eugenics Society.
The object of this exercise is to encourage a healthy skepticism about the
likely purpose and effect of proposals put forth by these groups. For
example, Planned Parenthood is famous for its "efforts" to reduce teen
pregnancy, V.D., and the spread of AIDS. It is famous for its success,
however, only in reducing the number of live births to black and brown
parents. To know that Planned Parenthood was founded by eugenicists, such
as Margaret Sanger and Medora Bass of Philadelphia, is to receive some
enlightenment as to why PP continues, year after year, to fail so
spectacularly at its stated goals, while succeeding equally spectacularly
at fostering a supposed side effect.

The author believes it will be helpful to the development of a deeper
understanding of the current American context to document in this way, the
strands of influence traceable to individuals who belong to the complex
network of the American Eugenics Society.


Chapter Two sets out the pre and post Hitler goals of the Society. Chapter
Three presents background information such as Society name changes,
Society journals and Society presidents, and an alphabetical list of
members. Known members of the American Eugenics Society (past and present)
and their known accomplishments are listed in Chapter Four. The next
chapter is an Index. Finally, there is an epilogue.

Mary, Queen of Peace, pray for us.



Pre Hitler Goal: Race building by conscious selection backed by force


[sterilization could] "be applied to an ever widening circle of social
discards, beginning always with the criminal, the diseased and the insane,
and extending gradually to types which may be called weaklings rather than
defectives, and perhaps ultimately to worthless race types" (from The Passing
of the Great Race by Madison Grant, co-founder American Eugenics Society)

Post Hitler Goal: Race building by "voluntary unconscious selection",
deception and manipulation


"The very word eugenics is in disrepute in some quarters ... We must ask
ourselves, what have we done wrong?

"I think we have failed to take into account a trait which is almost
universal and is very deep in human nature. People simply are not willing
to accept the idea that the genetic base on which their character was formed
is inferior and should not be repeated in the next generation. We have
asked whole groups of people to accept this idea and we have asked
individuals to accept it. They have constantly refused and we have all but
killed the eugenic movement ... they won't accept the idea that they are in
general second rate. We must rely on other motivation. ... it is surely
possible to build a system of voluntary unconscious selection. But the
reasons advanced must be generally acceptable reasons. Let's stop telling
anyone that they have a generally inferior genetic quality, for they will
never agree. Let's base our proposals on the desirability of having
children born in homes where they will get affectionate and responsible
care, and perhaps our proposals will be accepted." (from "Galton and Mid
Century Eugenics" by Frederick Osborn, Galton Lecture 1956, in Eugenics
Review, vol. 48, 1, 1956)


3. Background Information Tables

Names of the Society 1922-1993:

Society for the Study of Social Biology 1973-
American Eugenics Society Inc. 1926-1973
American Eugenics Society 1925-1926
Eugenics Society of the United States of America 1922-1925
*Eugenics Committee of the United States of America 1922-1926
International Commission on Eugenics Ad Interim Committee of the United
States of America or "American Ad Interim Committee" 1921

*Formally, the Eugenics Committee of the United States of America was
distinct from the Eugenics Society of the United States because the
Committee was appointed by the Second International Congress. The only
action we know the Committee to have taken is the organization of the
Eugenics Society of the United States, which became the American Eugenics
Society. The Committee was dissolved when the American Eugenics Society
was incorporated; and the Committee funds were then transferred to the

Addresses of the Society 1922-1991:

515 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 1991
Social Sciences Research Council 1989
230 Park Ave., Rm. 1522, New York, NY 1969-73
245 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10017 1967-68
230 Park Ave., New York, NY 1951-1967
1790 Broadway, New York 19, NY 1943-50
RKO Building, Rockefeller Center 1940-41
50 West 50th St., New York, NY 1939
4 Hillhouse Ave., New Haven Connecticut 1935-39
185 Church St., New Haven, Connecticut 1922-35
Penn Terminal 1922

Notes on the addresses:
Yale University is in New Haven, Connecticut; 1790 Broadway was also the
address of the American Social Hygiene Association and the National
Committee for Mental Hygiene (1948); 230 Park Avenue is the Helmsley Hotel;
in the 80's and 90's the Society address given in the journal, Social
Biology, is the workplace address of the secretary. For example, when
Lonnie Sherrod was secretary, the address was the Social Sciences Research
Council where Sherrod worked.

Irving Fisher 1922-26 (Political Economy, Yale University)
Roswell H. Johnson 1926-27 (Cold Spring Harbor, Univ. of Pittsburgh
Harry Laughlin 1927-29 (Eugenics Record Office)
C. C. Little 1929 (Pres., Michigan University)
Henry Pratt Fairchild 1929-31 (Sociology, New York University)
Henry F. Perkins 1931-34 (Zoology, University of Vermont)
Ellsworth Huntington 1934-38 (Geography, Yale University)
Samuel Holmes 1938-40 (Zoology, University of California)
Maurice Bigelow 1940-45 (sex education, Columbia University)
Frederick Osborn 1946-52 (Osborn-Dodge-Harriman RR connection)
Harry L. Shapiro 1956-63 (American Museum of Natural History)
Clyde V. Kiser 1964-68 (differential fertility, Milbank Memorial Fund)
Dudley Kirk 1969-72 (Demographer, Stanford University)
Bruce K. Eckland 1972-75 (Sociology, University of North Carolina)
L. Erlenmeyer-Kimling 1976-78 (Genetic Psychiatry)
Lindzey Gardner 1979-81 (Center for Advanced Study, Behavioral Sciences)
John L. Fuller 1982-83 (Behavioral genetics)
Michael S. Teitelbaum 1985-1990 (US Congress staff; US population policy)
Robert Retherford 1991-1994 (East-West Institute, Hawaii; funded by AID)

Journals of the Society 1926-1993:
1969- Social Biology
1953-68 Eugenics Quarterly
1939-53 Eugenical News (published by American Eugenics Society)
1931-38 Eugenical News (published by Eugenical Research Association)
1931 People
1928-31 Eugenics
1922-28 Eugenical News (published by the Eugenical Research Association
and the Eugenics Committee/Eugenics Society)

Current Journal Editor:
The 1993 editor of Social Biology, was Richard H. Osborne q.v. of the
University of Wisconsin at Madison (Emeritus). He was editor 1960-77,
retired, then returned as editor by 1981. The managing editor in 1991 was
Barbara Teachman Harvey Osborne, wife of the editor.

Source: Eugenical News (EN), Eugenics Quarterly (EQ) and Social Biology
(SB) for years from 1939-1993; Eugenics for the year 1929; "Brief History
of the American Eugenics Society" EN December 1946, vol. 31 #4, p. 49 ff
for years from 1922-1940; Minutes of the American Eugenics Society 1925-56
on deposit in American Philosophical Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
for years from 1925-36; "The Progress of American Eugenics"
Eugenics, v. 2, no. 2, 1929 p. 3 ff for years from 1921-29; A History of
the American Eugenics Society, 1921-1940, Barry Mehler, PhD Thesis,
available from UMI Dissertation Services, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, MI,



A. Key to abbreviations found in list of members:

AESA = American Eugenics Society Accounts, in the American Eugenics
Society collection deposited in the American Philosophical
Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

AESC = American Eugenics Society Correspondence, in the American
Eugenics Society collection deposited in the American
Philosophical Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

AESM = American Eugenics Society Minutes, in the American Eugenics
Society collection deposited in the American Philosophical
Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

AJHG = American Journal of Human Genetics

ARTW = Around the World News of Population and Birth Control (IPPF

AMWS = American Men and Women of Science

BCR = Birth Control Review

cttee(s) = committee(s)

Chase = The Legacy of Malthus: The Social Costs of the New Scientific
Racism. Allen Chase, New York, 1977

EN = Eugenical News

EQ = Eugenics Quarterly

ES = member, Eugenics Society, Great Britain

FOC = Frederick Osborn collection, deposited in the American
Philosophical Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

FO Hist = "History of the American Eugenics Society", Frederick Osborn,
Eugenics Quarterly, 1973

JBS = Journal of Biosocial Science

Kevles = In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human
Heredity, D. Kevles, New York, 1985, Alfred Knopf

Mehler = Barry Alan Mehler, A History of the American Eugenics Society,
1921-1940, 1988, UMI Dissertation Services

Pres. = President

SB = Social Biology

SCI = Science Citation Index

v.p. = Vice President

WSW = Who's Who (Great Britain)

WWW = Who Was Who (Great Britain)

WSWIA = Who's Who in America

WWWIA = Who Was Who in America

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